Inwa (Innwa) or Ava

ruin Yadana Seme Pagoda

Inwa (Ava), the collection of the buildings with gigantic Myanmar teak as well as the assembly of the finest examples of ancient Myanmar monastery with precious Myanmar structure, located just 20 km from Mandalay. If you are in Mandalay, you can enjoy a day trip to Inwa (Ava).

Inwa (Ava) City History

View of Ava
View of Ava with brick ruin and a cart

From 14th to 19th centuries, Inwa (Ava) became the majestic capital of ancient Myanmar kingdoms. Throughout these centuries, people rebuilt it for several times. Finally it suffered from abandonment after destroying by successive major earthquakes in March 1839. However, there still remains some of the vestige and magnificence features. According to history, capital city switched repeatedly from place to place including Amarapura, Mingun and Sagaing. The most important point is that the preceding capital city Inwa (Ava) develop day by day as a famous tourist attraction in Myanmar. The name of Inwa (Ava) means the mouth of the Lake because of its geographical condition. It is near with mouth of lakes in Kyaukse district. Many consider that Thadominphya, Shan Prince discovered Inwa (Ava) in 1364 where the convergence of Myit Nge and Ayeyarwaddy Rivers.After that he constructed massive barrier on the south and west land sides in order to enhance defense.Then he excavated a huge moat so as to connect two rivers and create an island.

Inwa (Ava) Period

Between 14th and 16th centuries, this city was the heart of Myanmar literature. The monks in this city made an effort to be popular Myanmar letters writing rather than Pali. This period was also the second age group of Myanmar law codes, evaluated the advance poetic genres. Furthermore, this city was the quarry of rivals among the kingdoms. In 1527 of March, Shan people attacked the city and descended it. Then, it reproduced as a capital again due to the seize power of the King Bayinnaung.Finally Inwa (Ava) served as a capital of Upper Myanmar for 190 years.

Taungoo and Konbaung Periods

During these periods, this city also performed as capital for all around the country. The King Thalun shifted the capital city from Bago to Inwa (Ava). However, it was attacked by the Hanthawaddy Kingdom, the King Hsinbyushin reconstructed it. Even though the King Bodawpaya switched the capital to Amarapura, his grandson, the King Bagyidaw convert back to Inwa (Ava).

The end of Inwa (Ava)

The city ended because of the natural disaster. In 1839, the successive earthquakes seriously destroyed this region. Finally, the King Tharrawaddy decided to build a pristine palace in Amara rather than to rebuild in Inwa (Ava).

Inwa (Ava) Area

You will see the Bagaya Kyaung Monastery, completely overwhelm with famous Myanmar Teak. Moreover, the enormous wooden columns which support the monastery are 18 meters in height and 3 meters in diameter.

Nan Myint Tower

Nan Myin tower
The leaning Nan Myint Tower with a horse cart

If you enter into the city from the northwest gate of old walls, you will see a renewal of inner fence which hold the principal palace. In the inner compound, you will notice the leaning tower of King Bagyidaw which is just close to the area of the preceding palace. However, you cannot climb to this Nan Myint tower because it is insecure due to the earthquake. Vendors encompass this area and sell jade necklaces and tiny bronze bells.

Maha Aungmye Bonzan Monastery

Maha Aungmye Bonzan Monastery
The view of Maha Aungmye Bonzan Monastery with the walkway

It is a fine-art of Myanmar monastery architecture during the era of Konbaung. Maha Aungmye Bonzan monastery is a brick monastery and well preserved in ochre color. Queen Me Nu, wife of King Bagyidaw built this monastery in 1818. The locals also call this monastery is Me Nu Oak Kyaung which translates to Me Nu brick monastery. The monastery is in Innwa on the East bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River, just South of Amarapura. You can access to Innwa by private taxi from Mandalay. From Sagaing, you can take a boat and it takes bout 1 hour to get there. To get around in Innwa you can hire taxi. During these days, it was customary for monasteries to build with brick. It is because fire and bad weather seriously destroyed most wooden monasteries and palaces. During Konbaung era, the brick monastery and the wooden monasteries had the same styles. The multi-tiered roof and stucco ornamentations of it looks like with the decorations in wooden monasteries. In 1838, the earthquake destroyed this monastery. Therefore, people renovated it four decades later.

Four Storey Monastery

The King Bagyidaw erected this monastery in1853. The earthquake in 2012 seriously destroyed this monastery. For now you can study the historic features of the ruin monastery in 10 acre wide ground.

Great Sinkyone Fortress

In 1874, the King Mindon erected this fortress and in the square shape. Moreover, it encloses with 3 fences in order to set the cannon for the defence of enemy. Furthermore, you can enjoy the scenery of Inwa (Ava) from this fortress.

Innwa Zone Fees

The zone fees for Innwa region will be around 10$ per person. If you want to explore around Innwa with horse cart, the cost for each horse cart will be around 1$.

If your countries have some ruin ancient capitals like Innwa or Ava, let us know by sharing them in the comment. If you have been visited Innwa, how did you feel? Were you disconsolate or sad for these ruins? Let us know what happened in your mind after visiting there. We would be great if you share this post to your friend and leave rating for us.

Would you like to enjoy your holidays in Myanmar? We would like to invite you to visit our country including Inwa (Ava) together with us.  We can assure you that we will provide the blissful moment for you.

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