Shwedagon pagoda is a type of temple and considered to be one of the most ancient pagodas in the world. It is impressive attraction for travelers, pilgrims, residence and also the essential place to visit in Yangon. The relics of the Buddha also assemble in Shwedagon Pagoda.
- 1 Shwedagon Pagoda History
- 2 Shwedagon Pagoda Architecture
- 3 Shwedagon Pagoda Dress Code
- 4 THe STATUES IN SHWEDAGON PAGODA
- 5 Nine wonders in shwedagon pagoda
- 5.1 Tawagu Wish Fulfilling Buddha (1st wonder)
- 5.2 Weitzer Zawgyi Pagoda (2nd wonder)
- 5.3 Shin Saw Pu Pagoda (3rd wonder)
- 5.4 Sandawdwin Pagoda (4th wonder)
- 5.5 Shin Izzagawna Pagoda (5th Wonder)
- 5.6 Boe Boe Aung Pagoda (6th Wonder)
- 5.7 Shin Mahtee Pagoda (7th Wonder)
- 5.8 Latpetlet Pagoda (8th Wonder)
- 5.9 Pyadashin Pagoda (9th Wonder)
- 6 Shwedagon Pagoda Opening Hours and Price
Shwedagon Pagoda History
According to history, there was a myth behind the source of the Shwedagon pagoda. Two brothers met with Buddha and were granted eight of his hairs. The brothers discovered a casket where the relics from former Buddha were stored. Mon people, an ethnic group from Myanmar, built the pagoda.
Many considered that the construction began in 6th century. In 15th century, Queen Shinsawbu provided 88lbs of gold (her own weight) to Shwedagon Pagoda. During 17th century, the pagoda was suffered from the earthquake and King Hsinbyushin ordered it to renovate and extended it’s height to current condition.
Shwedagon Pagoda was a rally place for the people who were in quest of independence movements during colonial times. In 1920, candidates from Yangon University met here to announce University Injunction. In 1938, the oil workers who got striking, entrenched a camp at the base of the Shwedagon Pagoda.
After achieving Independence, General Aung San gave speech to the patriotic meeting. Beyond forty two years, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi addressed an audience of several thousands of demonstrators who struggled against dictator during democracy movement. In 2007, the monks who negated to military government united to form the democracy administration.
Shwedagon Pagoda Architecture
The structure of the Shwedagon pagoda is tangled and the complex is nearly 50 hectares wide. The height of the pagoda is nearly 110 meters and the top of it enameled with diamonds. You can see Shwedagon pagoda from Kandawgyi Natural Park because of it’s height. The architecture, sculpture and arts from the Shwedagon Pagoda let it to become one of the prodigious and dominant pagodas in the global. The features of the Shwedagon Pagoda reflect an ancient era of Myanmar and represent the peace of Buddhism.
There are four entrances with a pair of astonishing lion guards in unique styles. A lot of vendors at South and East entrances sell gold leaves, traditional toys, musical instruments and lucky charms. There is an escalator at the West entrance. If you enjoy quietness, this entrance is the preference one. The North entrance will access you to reach the visitors centre for tourists. It will also provide the shorter ways to reach the pagoda. The most important point is that the other entrances, apart from the West entrance have elevators.
The solitary and impressive Buddha images such as Dhama Zedi, Sun and Moon Buddha, Lawka Parla Mal Taw are detectable in Shwedagon. You will notice that every corner has donation boxes for several purposes such as for renovation, for flowers and for water etc. Shwedagon pagoda is not only famous for local worshipers but also dominant for tourists. The tradition of the Buddhism is to walk clockwise around the pagoda. Because they assume that it is paying homage to Buddha.
Shwedagon Pagoda Dress Code
Even though a strict dress constraint does not enforce, short dresses are not able to wear. Prior to the first step of the stairway to the pagoda, all visitors must take their shoes off. As you can read on the official web site, if you are unsure as to the correct dress code, just wear conservative dress and no-one will be offended.
THe STATUES IN SHWEDAGON PAGODA
You will see that some people offer water to the sitting Buddha Statue.There are eight statues which located by spinning around the pagoda. Above each statue, you will see the plate which are written in English language with Monday, Tuesday and etc,. Moreover, there are animal statues which can be found under each of the Buddha statue. These animal statues represent the people who are born on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday. The eighth one constitute the people who are born in the evening of Wednesday. Tiger statue represents Monday born, Lion is for Tuesday, Elephant is for Wednesday, Mouse is for Thursday, Guinea-pig is for Friday, Garuda is for Saturday and Dragon is for Sunday.
Furthermore, there are two Nat statues and people believe that they can grant the wishes of them. Especially the couples who want to have baby make wishes in front of these statues. If you want a baby boy, the nat statue with baby will grant your wish. The one with lotus will help you to get baby girl. This is what Myanmar people believes in.
You will see the giant statue of ogress which names Law Ka Par La Mae Taw. The meaning is the one who protects the world. You will see some pilgrims worship and make wish in front of this statue.
Nine wonders in shwedagon pagoda
Among the local people, nine wonders are famous because they trust that these wonders can fulfil their wishes. So, let us explain about the nine wonders.
Tawagu Wish Fulfilling Buddha (1st wonder)
This Buddha image is located in Monday corner. It is located in the eastern of Shwedagon Pagoda. Only men can enter into the upper platform of this Buddha image. People believe that this Buddha image can grant their wishes. Once upon a time, the king and the general used to make wish before the war. They got the victories as they wanted. According to the tradition of Myanmar Kingdom, the eldest son could rule the country after the death of the King. However, the King’s family prayed to this pagoda and killed each other because they wanted the authorities by breaking the rules and regulations. Finally, the King ordered his family not to pay homage this pagoda. Then the King decided to hide this image in the place which is difficult to be accessible.
Weitzer Zawgyi Pagoda (2nd wonder)
It is located in the opposite of the Saturday corner. There is one awesome information about this pagoda. People try to be the first one who offer the flower to this pagoda. But there is always the one who donate the flower earlier than the first one. No one knows who is he/she.
Shin Saw Pu Pagoda (3rd wonder)
It is built by the queen Shin Saw Pu and she was the queen of Mon kingdom. She was also the one who renovated Shwedagon Pagoda. The Buddha image is in the Shin Saw Pu Tazaung . You can find the Frangipani tree around this pagoda.
Sandawdwin Pagoda (4th wonder)
It is located in the building of Sandaw which is in the northern of Shwedagon. Sandaw means the hair of Gautama Buddha dwin means well. It was used to wash the hair of Gautama Buddha before enshrining inside the Shwedagon pagoda. Some people say that they hear the flow of water during the full moon day and new moon day.
Shin Izzagawna Pagoda (5th Wonder)
It is near with Sunday corner built by Shin Izzagawna. He was the famous monk during the Bagan era. He was famous because he didn’t have eyes and inserted with the eyes of goat and cow. He helped the people to be wealthy by raining Gold and Money with his alchemy. You will notice that the eye of this image is not the same. One is small and the other is big.
Boe Boe Aung Pagoda (6th Wonder)
It is in the east of Shwedagon Pagoda. This Buddha image is donated by Boe Boe Aung. He is also the one who helped the people like Shin Izzagawna.
Shin Mahtee Pagoda (7th Wonder)
It is near with Sunday corner and believe to be built by Shin Mahtee monk. People believe that this pagoda can grant their wishes especially for the education.
Latpetlet Pagoda (8th Wonder)
You can make a wish to this pagoda to possess a healthy life. It is near with the Monday corner and the other name is Kakuthan pagoda. This pagoda is different from the others. Ordinarily, the hand of the pagoda is in the prone form. But this one is in the form of supine. Latpetlet means the hand of the pagoda is in supine form. Lat means hand and petlet means the supine.
Pyadashin Pagoda (9th Wonder)
It is made with bronze. The middle of forehead area is a little bit swollen because of the insertion of the legendary ball of mercury compound like the philosopher’s stone. This ball can give the supernatural powers. But it is not sure whether the ball is inserted into the pagoda.
Shwedagon Pagoda Opening Hours and Price
Every 4 a.m is normal opening hour and the closing time is 10 p.m. The last admission is 9:45 p.m. But the full-moon days of Ta-Baung and Wah-Khaung, the door open 24 hours. The entrance fee is 10.000 MMK (8-10 USD approx.)