The longest teak bridge in the world which passes over the Taungthaman lake, one of the most visiting sites for tourists. It is also in the city of Amarapura, which became ancient capital of Myanmar Kingdom. By visiting this place, you can enjoy the ruins of the palace from the bygone Myanmar kingdom as well as the other historic buildings such as pagodas and monasteries.
- 1 U Bein Bridge History
- 2 U Bein Bridge Design and Structure
- 3 U Bein Bridge Sunrise or Sunset
- 4 U Bein Bridge Entrance Fee
- 5 Amarapura Tourist Attractions
U Bein Bridge History
U Bein bridge is the longest and most mature teak bridge in the world. The length of 1.2 kilometers make it the pretty impressive one. Firstly, it is in the ancient capital of Amarapura, just the boundary of Mandalay. The most important point is that U Bein bridge plays an principal role for daily life of locals. More than hundreds of people apply this bridge to go to work. After becoming famous among the tourists, the local people offer boat rides and selling food around this bridge.
The name of U Bein, the mayor of ancient Amarapura, built this teak bridge. After King Mindon deciding to move capital from Amarapura to Mandalay, he desired to use material of Amarapura when construct the new capital in order to save the costs. By transporting the materials with the help of elephants, the new capital organized in 1859.
During this period, the minister of Amarapura, U Bein was able to recover some of the teak from Inwa Palace. By utilizing about 1000 teak pillars, U Bein bridge was constructed across Thaungthaman Lake. According to history, during the construction of U Bein bridge, Myanmar Engineers measured the scale by calculating the footsteps.
U Bein Bridge Design and Structure
This bridge is curve shape in the middle in order to withstand the attack of wind and water. The principal teak columns were put into the seven feet deep lake bed. The other columns are in the conical shape to assure that the water fall down straightforwardly. Once, it had 984 teak columns and four wooden pavilions with the exact interval throughout the bridge. There are nine corridors in the bridge where the floors can be elevated to pass the boats and barges.
U Bein Bridge Sunrise or Sunset
Many considered that sunset from the U Bein bridge is more attractive than sunset. Otherwise, you can hire a boat to enjoy sunset from Taungthaman Lake.
U Bein Bridge Entrance Fee
For contemporary news, you do not need to pay any fee for U Bein Bridge. However, this area is also related with Mandalay region. If you want to go there, you need to pay around 9$ or 10$ of zone fees for the Mandalay region.
Amarapura Tourist Attractions
Amarapura, the preceding capital of Myanmar, where the Ayeyarwaddy river flows in the west and the famous ancient capital Inwa (Ava) in the south. It became the double capital of Myanmar during the Konbaung period. Nowadays, it is well known for its silk and cotton weaving and molding of bronze material. Moreover, it has many places to enjoy sightseeing. The king Bodawpaya erected this city as his new capital in 1783. It was a center of Buddhist rehabilitation and learning.
In 1810, the population increased to 170,000, however, the fire incinerated the city. Therefore, the King Bagyidaw proceeded the city back to Inwa (Ava) in 1821. After that King Bagyidaw won the battle with King Tharrawaddy. So he replaced the royal capital to Amarapura again in 1842. Although in 1857, the King Mindon moved the capital to Mandalay, just 11 kilometers from Amarapura.
This pagoda is on the southern part of Amarapura. In 1820, the King Bagyidaw built this vast bell-shaped pagoda and completed after four years. Only through the men would have an access to climb the half of the upper terrace so as to enjoy astonishing view of the surrounding countryside. The marble slabs are on lower terraces
Shwe Gu Gyi Pagoda
It is on the western side of the railway complex, between Zay Cho and Hman Dan. Many consider that King Narapati Sithu built this pagoda because the inscription at the cave. This two storey temple is built by the sturdy brick and stunning stucco. This stucco includes some of the scenes about the life of Buddha.
King Bagan from the Konbaung dynasty built this pagoda in 1847. Even though the exterior of the Kyauktawgyi pagoda is similar with the Ananda Temple at Bagan, but the interior is quite different. It embodies an Buddha Image which carve from a solitary chunk of sagyin marble. This sitting Buddha Image is 3.5 meters at the base and 5.5 meters in height. The vestibules of the east and south have the supreme mural paintings which represent the religious buildings of throughout Myanmar. Furthermore, they also depict the daily life of Myanmar people.
Mahar Gandaryone Monastery
It closes with the U Bein Bridge. This monastery is one of the stupendous teaching monasteries in Myanmar. Thousands of monks in different ages and also young novices stay in this monastery. It was established around 1914 and well-known as a center for contemplative study with accurate religious discipline. Many tourists visit here to watch the assembly of the monks along the road at 11:00 am so as to have the daily meal.
Mahar Waiyan Bonthar Monastery
Mahar Waiyan Bonthar monastery is one of the most famous monasteries because of its architecture with over 28,000 carved wooden figures. This monastery has museum which lies inside it. The museum is the collection of the most interesting 500 Buddha Images. On the other hand, it has a library of palm leaf typescripts, one of the scarce and massive catalogues in Myanmar.
Bargaya monastery includes the 267 columns of Myanmar Teak. The largest diameter among these teaks are nearly 3 meters and the heights are 18 meters. On the other hand, there are five brick stairways around the monastery which are ornamented with the very rare ancient Myanmar Architecture.
Ancient remains of Amarapura
The ancient Amarapura which sets as ruins, has some of the remains of palace. You can research this masonry treasured building as well as the old watch tower. The most important point is that it was also the place of grave for King Bagyidaw and King Bodawpaya.
Silk Weaving Workshop
This business is one of the main careers for the people in Amarapura. Silk clothes are the most wearing for very exceptional and ceremonial occasions. Therefore, over hundreds of silk weaving machines are used so as to achieve impressive and labyrinthine design and pattern. Being a prominent and fascinating cottage industry, this is one of the interesting places for visitors.
Would you like to enjoy your holidays in Myanmar? We would like to invite you to visit our country including Amarapura together with us. We can assure you that we will provide the blissful moment for you.